Saturday, December 15, 2018

April 29th & 30th History

April 29th Events

1429 - Joan of Arc arrives at the seige of Orleans - Did not work out well for St. Joan - Burned at the stake on May 30th, 1431
1553 - Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
1661 - Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
1707 - English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; form United Kingdom of Great Britain
1715 - John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time
1781 - French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
1781 - French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
1784 - Premiere of Mozart's Sonata in B flat, K454 (Vienna) - That's for you, Karen and all the other Mozart fans out there
1813 - Ist US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel - Beat Charles Goodyear
1845 - Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice in the USA - Mr. Allen became the first black judge in the US; Mr. Morris filed the first anti-segregation lawsuit against Boston public schools.
1852 - 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
1853 - Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth - That's 7,788,990 miles (an Astronomical Unit is 149 597 871 kilometers or 93,142,191 miles - the average distance from the earth to the sun) - and for you intelligent design folks, the earth REALLY does revolve around the sun
1861 - Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union
1862 - New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War
1864 - The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. - Don't know when they held the first toga party
1864 - Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga, leaving 31 British troops dead and 80 wounded. Maori losses were 25 killed and an unknown number wounded.
1882 - The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.
1892 - Charlie Reilly is baseball's 1st pinch hitter
1894 - Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
1905 - 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX
1912 - 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
1916 - Irish nationalists set post office on fire in Dublin
1918 - Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
1926 - France & US reach accord on repayment of WW I
1927 - Construction of Spirit of St Louis is completed
1930 - Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service
1934 - Pittsburgh is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
1936 - 1st pro baseball game in Japan is played Nagoya defeats Daitokyo, 8-5
1940 - Norwegian King Haakon & government flee to Britain
1942 - Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
1942 - Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
1943 - US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
1945 - 1st food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
1945 - Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
1945 - Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed
1945 - US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany - First concentration camp built by Hitler's Nazis
1945 - Venice & Mestre were captured by the Allies
1946 - 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals
1953 - Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
1953 - The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
1957 - 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated, Fort Belvoir Va
1961 - ABC's "Wide World of Sports" debuts
11964 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam
1965 - Earthquake hits Seattle; 5 die
1967 - Aretha Franklin releases "Respect"
1968 - "Hair" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 1750 performances
1970 - 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia - I ws in Ban me Thuot then
1971 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - President Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in White House - Lots of gaps that would have really incriminated him
1975 - Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end. - "Peace with Honor" unless you were a South Vietnemese
1981 - Peter Sutcliffe, the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women) enters his plea - Pleads not guilty to murder but guilty to manslaughter and attempted murder due to diminished capacity - because he was told by the voice of God to kill sex workers
1981 - Phillie Steve Carlton is 1st lefty to strike out 3,000 batters
1983 - Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago's 1st black mayor
1985 - Ranger Larry Parrish is 5th to hit 3 HRs in a game in both leagues
1986 - 800,000 books destroyed by fire in LA Central Library - Californian conservatives don't notice
1986 - Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens strikes out 20 Seattle Mariners
1987 - Japan's premier Nakasone visits the US
1990 - Wrecking cranes began tearing down Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate
1991 - Croatia declares independence
1991 - Cyclone strikes Bangladesh, 139,000 die/10 million homeless
1991 - Earthquake in Racha, Georgia kills 100 - no it's not Georgia the Peach State - It's Georgia on the Black Sea - read an atlas or Google Earth it
Victim of Police Violence Rodney KingVictim of Police Violence Rodney King

1992 - Jury acquits LA police officers of beating Rodney King, riots begin
1992 - Voting ends on choice of Elvis stamps
1995 - Longest sausage ever, at 28.77 miles, made in Kitchener, Ontario
1996 - "Rent" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC
11997 - The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.
1999 - Avala TV Tower near Belgrade is destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
2002 - The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.
46th US Vice-President Dick Cheney46th US Vice-President Dick Cheney - Draft dodging chicken hawk and war profiteer

2004 - Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office. - A lot of manure spread that day
2004 - Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
2005 - Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.
2005 - New Zealand's first civil union takes place.
2012 - International Chemical Weapons Convention deadline for chemical weapon stockpiles comes into effect
2013 - 7 people are killed after a Boeing 747 crashes in Bagram, Afghanistan

April 30th Events

311 - Emperor Galerius legally recognizes Christians in the Roman Empire
1349 - Jewish community at Radolszell, Germany, exterminated
1492 - Columbus is given royal commission to equip his fleet
1492 - Spain announces it will expels all Jews
1563 - Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI
1598 - 1st theater performance in America (Spanish comedy-Rio Grande)
1722 - Game of Billiards is mentioned in New England Courant
1772 - John Clais patents 1st scale
First US President George Washington 1789 - George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of US
1803 - US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
1808 - 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
1812 - (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
1857 - San Jose State University forms
1859 - Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until November 26
1860 - Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
1861 - President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory
1862 - Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
1863 - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
1864 - Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed
1864 - New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
1869 - Hawaiian YMCA organized
1871 - The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
1885 - Boston Pops Orchestra forms
1888 - Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
1889 - 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
1900 - USA annexes Hawaii
1900 - Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
1904 - Ice cream cone makes its debut
1907 - Honolulu, Hawaii becomes an independent city.
1911 - Portugal approves woman suffrage
1925 - Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
1935 - World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
1937 - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
1939 - New York World's Fair opens
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1939 - NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair
1941 - Spread of Judaism begins in Croatia
1942 - 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
1943 - Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
1943 - Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
1945 - Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
1945 - Red Army occupies Demmin
1945 - Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
1945 - Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
1945 - US troops attack the Elbe
1947 - Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
1948 - Organization of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
1948 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Eniwetok
1952 - Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television
1955 - West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & more wages
Baseball Player Ted Williams 1958 - Ted Williams is 10th major league player to get 1,000 extra-base hits
1961 - 1st shuttle flights between Washington DC, Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
1962 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m - or 246686 feet - high enough to qualify for astronaut rating
1973 - Nixon announces resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, et al
1974 - US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings
1975 - Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders
1980 - Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
1985 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1988 - Largest banana split ever, at 4.55 miles long, was made in Pennsylvania -
It measured 4.55 miles long and consisted of: 2,500 gallons of ice cream; 33,000 bananas; 600 pounds of chopped nuts & 450 gallons of topping
1988 - NY Knights 1st arena football game beats Cobras 60-52 (10,157 in LA)
1990 - US hostage Frank Reed freed after 4 years in hands of pro-Iranians - 3 1/2 years after he was captured
1991 - In Bangladesh a cyclone killed over 131,000 & left 9 million homeless
1993 - The World Wide Web is born at CERN. - Not really, the CERN website went live on December 20th, 1990
1997 - 42 million watch "Ellen" admit she is gay
2004 - U.S. media release graphic photos of American soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison - And we wonder why no one likes us

2008 - Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters.
2009 - Chrysler automobile company files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. That's why I drive a Ford
2009 - Failed attack on the Dutch Royal Family results in 7 deaths and 17 injured.
2009 - The United Kingdom formally ends combat operations in Iraq.
2012 - Overloaded ferry in the Brahmaputra River,India, killing 103 people
2013 - Apple offers the largest bond offering from a private company of 17 Billion
2013 - Hannah Warren, who was born without a trachea, at 2, becomes the youngest patient to receive a stem cell bioengineered organ - Surgery was actually on the 9th of April. The trachea worked, but her lungs failed 3 months later - Rest In Peace, baby girl.

Children's Hospital of Illinois Link (Hannah's Story)