April 22nd Events
1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.
1509 - Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII. - Many wives - divorce by beheading (the wife. of course)
1792 - U.S. President George Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe.
1861 - Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces. - Smartest move the Confederacy made
1864 - The U.S. Congress passed legislation that allowed the inscription "In God We Trust" to be included on one-cent and two-cent coins.
1889 - At noon, the Oklahoma land rush officially started as thousands of Americans raced for new, unclaimed land. - After the Native Americans were moved again to the Southwest
1898 - The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.
1914 - Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles.
1915 - At the Second Battle Ypres the Germans became the first country to use poison gas. - They found out it worked better at Auschwitz if you locked people in rooms first
1915 - The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time.
1918 - British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.
1931 - James G. Ray landed an autogyro on the lawn of the White House. - He'd be shot today - President Herbert Hoover gave him a trophy before the Secret Service figured out what was going on
1944 - During World War II, the Allies launched a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea. - Operation RECKLESS, the major factor in defeating the Japanese on the second largest island in the world- the entire campaign took from 24 Jauary 1943 to 31 December 1944
1952 - An atomic test conducted in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.
1954 - The U.S. Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began. - Joe McCarthy would have fit right in with some of the extremists today
1970 - The first Earth Day was observed by millions of Americans. - Ignored by most conservatives.
1976 - Barbara Walters became first female nightly network news anchor.
1993 - The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC. - Some idiots still claim the Holocaust never happened
1997 - In Lima, Peru government commandos storm and capture the residence of the Japanese ambassador ending a 126-day hostage crisis. In the rescue 71 hostages were saved. Those killed: one hostage (of a heart attack), two soldiers, and all 14 rebels. - Saved a ton of money for trials
2000 - Elian Gonzalez was reunited with his father. He had to be taken from his Miami relatives by U.S. agents in a predawn raid.
April 23rd Events
1348 - The first English order of knighthood was founded. It was the Order of the Garter. - Don't laugh
1500 - Pedro Cabal claimed Brazil for Portugal. - Didn't take him long for the claim - he discovered Brazil the day before
1635 - The Boston Public Latin School was established. It was the first public school building in the United States. - Don't teach much Latin any more
1789 - U.S. President George Washington moved into Franklin House, New York. It was the first executive mansion.
1789 - "Courier De Boston" was published for the first time. It was the first Roman Catholic magazine in the U.S.
1861 - Arkansas troops seized Fort Smith.
1872 - Charlotte E. Ray became the African-American woman lawyer.
1896 - The Vitascope system for projecting movies onto a screen was demonstrated in New York City. - Developed by Thomas Armat and C. Francis Jensen, who split up, as the Phantoscop - Edison bought the rights, renamed it the Vitascope and started selling popcorn
1900 - The word "hillbilly" was first used in print in an article in the "New York Journal." It was spelled "Hill-Billie".
1908 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signed an act creating the U.S. Army Reserve.
1915 - The A.C.A. became the National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA).
1920 - The Turkish Grand National Assembly had its first meeting in Ankara.
1924 - The U.S. Senate passed the Soldiers Bonus Bill.
1945 - The Soviet Army fought its way into Berlin.
1948 - Johnny Longden became the first race jockey to ride 3,000 career winners.
1951 - The Associated Press began use of the new service of teletype setting.
1954 - Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves hit his first major-league home run on this day.
1967 - The Soyuz 1 was launched by Russia.
1968 - The Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church merged to form the United Methodist Church. - I remember this
1971 - The Soyuz 10 was launched.
1981 - The Soviet Union conducted an underground nuclear test at their Semipaltinsk (Kazakhstan) test site.
1982 - The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that consumer prices declined the previous month (March). It was the first decline in almost 17 years. - That will probably never happen in our future
1985 - The Coca-Cola Company announced that it was changing its 99-year-old secret formula. New Coke was not successful, which resulted in the resumption of selling the original version. - If it ain't broke, don't fix it
1985 - The U.S. House rejected $14 million in aid to Nicaragua.
1988 - A U.S. federal law took effect that banned smoking on flights that were under two hours.
1988 - In Martinez, CA, a drain valve was left open at the Shell Marsh. More than 10,000 barrels of oil poured into the marsh adjoining Peyton Slough. - Today that would be a minor spill
1988 - Kanellos Kanelopoulos set three world records for human-powered flight when he stayed in the air for 74 miles and four hours in his pedal-powered "Daedalus".
1989 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar played his last regular season game in the NBA.
1996 - An auction of the late Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis' possessions began at Sotheby's in New York City. The sale brought in $ 34.5 million.
1997 - An infertility doctor in California announced that a 63-year-old woman had given birth in late 1996. The child was from a donor egg. The woman is the oldest known woman to give birth.
1999 - In Washington, DC, the heads of state and government of the 19 NATO nations celebrated the organization's 50th anniversary.
2003 - U.S. President George W. Bush signed legislation that authorized the design change of the 5-cent coin (nickel) for release in 2004. It was the first change to the coin in 65 years. The change, to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, was planned to run for only two years before returning to the previous design.
2004 - U.S. President George W. Bush eased sanctions against Libya in return for Moammar Gadhafi's agreement to give up weapons of mass destruction. - What about the weapons of mass destruction in Iraq???
" In the lead up to the Iraq war and its later conduct, I saw at a minimum, true dereliction, negligence and irresponsibility, at worse, lying, incompetence and corruption." - Anthony Zinni, General, USMC