Thursday, December 14, 2017

1178 BC - A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
73 - Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
1521 - Martin Luther arrives at Diet of Worms
1705 - Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge
1777 - Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys rout British
1787 - 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in NYC

First US President George Washington1789 - George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
1818 - Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
1854 - San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
1854 - Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
1861 - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states
1862 - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
1862 - US Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
1865 - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
1866 - Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
1866 - Nitroglycerin at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes - Happened in San Francisco when an unmarked leaking crate was pried open by Wells Fargo workers exploded, killing at least 15 and wounding many more - body parts were found several blocks away.
1868 - Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  EbenezerBassett1869 - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US African American diplomat, begins service in Haiti - Appointed by President Ulysses.S. Grant
1870 - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
1871 - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
1874 - Dr David Livingstone's corpse arrives in Southampton
1881 - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
1900 - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
1908 - Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell Utah)
1912 - Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel
1912 - Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
1917 - Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution
Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley1922 - Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row
1924 - Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
 1926 - Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
1929 - Cleveland Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
1929 - NY Yankees become 1st team to wear uniform numbers
1935 - 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
1935 - Babe Ruth's 1st NL game, for Boston Braves, included a HR
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin1939 - Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact
1940 - 1st televised baseball game, WGN-TV, (White Sox vs Cubs exhibition)
1940 - Clevelend Indian Bob Feller hurls an opening day no-hitter vs Chic, 1-0
1942 - Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
1943 - 40 New Zealand bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
1943 - Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD - His story is that he took it by accident at the Sandoz chemical lab
1945 - German troops in Groningen surrender - To Canadian troops
1945 - Red Army begins Battle of Berlin - German troops surrenderd on May 2nd - Hitler and Joseph Goebbels committed suicide rather than be captured - they must have not wanted to be tried as war criminals
1945 - US troops assault Nuremberg, Germany - Captured after 5 days of heavy fighting
1945 - US troops land on Ie Shima, Okinawa - Secured the island by 24 April - Civilian war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed during this battle
1946 - 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 5.5 km altitude - 5th launch of captured rockets - 5.5 km is just over 18000 feet
1947 - Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
1947 - Massive explosion & fire kills 581 in Texas City, TX - 26 of the 27 member volunteer fire department were killed; the ammonium nitrate that exploded aboard the French flagged Grandcamp was manufactured in Nebraska and Iowa - this was the deadliest industrial disaster in US history
1948 - Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
1951 - British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II1953 - British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II
1953 - Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
1956 - 1st solar powered radios go on sale
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1959 - NY Yankees unveil their 1st message scoreboard
1959 - Phils' Dave Philley gets a major league record 9th straight pinch hit
1962 - Brazil nationalizes US businesses
Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite1962 - Walter Cronkite begins anchoring CBS Evening News
1964 - 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain's 1963 "Great Train Robbery"
1965 - Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket
1970 - 70 die in a snow crush (France)
1972 - 2 giant pandas arrive in US, from China
1972 - Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)
1972 - Chicago Cub Burt Hooton no-hits Phillies, 1-0
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
Writer Alex Haley 1977 - Writer Alex Haley finds his Roots in Juffure, Gambia
1979 - 83rd Boston Marathon won by Bill Rodgers of Mass in 2:09:27
1979 - 8th Boston Women's Marathon won by Joan Benoit Samuelson in 2:35:15
1979 - Failed Palestinian attack on Zaventem Airport in Belgium
1980 - Arthur Ashe retires from professional tennis
1980 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - Queen Elizabeth proclaims Canada's new constitution
1983 - Steve Garvey sets NL record by playing in 1,118 consecutive games
1984 - 13th Boston Women's Marathon won by Lorraine Moller of NZ in 2:29:28
1984 - 88th Boston Marathon won by Geoff Smith of Great Britain in 2:10:34
1986 - To dispel rumors he's dead, Moammar Gadhafi appears on TV
1987 - FCC imposes a broader definition of indecency over airwaves
1987 - Howard Stern & Infinity Broadcasting are warned by FCC
1987 - Michael Jordon becomes 2nd NBA to score 3000 points in a season
1987 - British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates' Court in London charged with gross indecency.
1990 - 19th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:25:23
1990 - 94th Boston Marathon won by Gelindo Bordin of Italy in 2:08:19
1990 - Maximum NY State unemployment benefits raised to $260 per week
1990 - Supreme Court rejects appeal from retarded man, Dalton Prejean, condemned to death for murdering a Louisiana state trooper in 1977
1992 - The Katina P runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 72,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean - Then it was towed into the ocean and sank, devastating the coast of Mozambique
Victim of Police Violence Rodney King 1993 - Jury reaches verdict in Federal case against policemen who beat Rodney King, but verdict not read until April 17th - 2 officers acquitted; 2 found guilty
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Minneapolis/St Paul on WRQC 100.3 FM
2004 - The super liner Queen Mary 2 embarks on her first Transatlantic crossing, linking the golden age of ocean travel to the modern age of ocean travel.
2007 - Virginia Tech massacre: The deadliest mass shooting in modern American history. The gunman, Seung-Hui Cho, kills 32 people and wounds 23 others before committing suicide.
2007 - 41st CMT Music Awards: Carrie Underwood & Kenny Chesney win
2008 - Start of Papal Journey of Pope Benedict XVI to the United States
2012 - At least 55 people are killed in the Syrian uprising despite UN presence to oversee ceasefire
2012 - For the first time since 1977 no Pulitzer Prize is awarded for fiction
2013 - 37 people are killed by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Khash country, Iran
2013 - 16 people are killed after a gold mine collapses in Kyekyewere, Ghana