Thursday, December 14, 2017

Historical Events on 25th December

 

      1 - 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus
  337 - Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  352 - 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  800 - Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor
1046 - Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor
1048 - Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim/Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
1066 - Duke William of Normandy ('William the Conqueror) crowned king of England
1223 - St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)
1492 - Columbus' ship Santa Maria runs aground and sinks on Hispaniola
1522 - Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
1553 - Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeat the Spanish conquistadors and executes the governor of Chile - Pedro de Valdivia.
1621 - Gov William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas The first Grinch
1643 - Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.
1651 - Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas" And the Grinchiness continued
1758 - Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch I bet many of the religous that this was an omen of the second coming
1776 - Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians No Christmas leave for the Continental Army
1818 - 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria)
1818 - Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston
1831 - Louisiana & Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday So Christmas wasn't as old as the country
1832 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St Martin at Cape Receiver
1833 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia
1834 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
1835 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand This was his research voyage around the world that produced the theory of evolution
1837 - Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians Paved the way for retirees to move to Florida
1862 - 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC While elsewhere, the Confederates were beating the Union Army in a real fight
1868 - Despite bitter opposition, President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)
1894 - 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, U of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football
1896 - "Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
1914 - Legendary/unofficial "Christmas Truce" takes place (Brits & Germans)
1926 - Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan (1926-1989)
1930 - Mt Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, NY opens
1932 - During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapes
1938 - George Cukor announces Vivien Leigh will play Scarlett O'Hara
1939 - Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer Anything to make another dollar
1941 - Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
1941 - Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan After Pearl Harbor attack
1950 - Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland
1959 - A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swastikas
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - Walt Disney's "The Sword in the Stone" is released
1964 - "Goldfinger" premieres in US
1968 - Frank Borman's Christmas reading while orbiting Moon
1968 - 42 Dalits are burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, India, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit laborers

1971 - Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul
1973 - Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles) Almost 43 miles a day, if he rode every day
1973 - The ARPANET crashes when a programming bug causes all ARPANET traffic to be routed through the server at Harvard University, causing the server to freeze.  ARPANET was the first version of the what would become the internet
1974 - Cyclone Tracy virtually destroys Darwin, Australia
1977 - Israeli PM Menachem Begin meets Egyptian Pres Sadat in Egypt
1979 - USSR airlifts invasionary army to Afghanistan Where they ended up getting beat - we gave the Afghans a whole lot of weapons
1983 - 1st live telecast of Christmas Parade at the EPCOT Centre, Disney World Florida
1987 - Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who escaped 2 days earlier, recaptured
1989 - Japanese scientists achieve -271.8°C, coldest temp ever recorded Thats -457.24 degrees Fahrenheit - and it will really keep your mountains blue
1990 - "Godfather III" premieres
1990 - The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web.
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigned as President of USSR
1997 - For 1st time US movie box office receipts pass $6 billion What they don't tell us is how much was made off popcorn, soda, Dots and Milk Duds
2003 - The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe which was released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappears shortly before its scheduled landing Some think it was the Martian Space Defense Agency
2004 - Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005.
2009 - Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board Northwest Airlines Flight 253